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  5. Can Dandruff Cause Hair Loss? How To Treat It?

If you have dandruff, you may have experienced constant itchiness on the scalp. Some people with dandruff may also complain about losing hair. While the two are not directly related, dandruff can often lead to hair loss.

This common condition is known to cause the skin on the scalp to flake. That's because dandruff either dries out the scalp or produces excess sebum, making it extremely oily. As a result, your scalp gets inflamed and itchy.

Did you know that constant scratching and high inflammation levels can injure your hair follicles, leading to a certain amount of hair loss? Keep reading to gain a deeper understanding of how dandruff and hair loss are connected and how Ayurveda can effectively help you combat it.

How Does Dandruff Cause Hair Loss?

Dandruff occurs due to an imbalance of the three doshas - Vata, Pitta, and Kapha.

When in an aggravated state, Vata and Pitta cause the production of certain impurities called Ama. These are dry and hot in nature and contaminate the tissues of the scalp. As a result of these factors, you may experience dandruff, itchiness, and hair loss.

On an oily scalp, dandruff appears when the Kapha dosha produces sebum in excess quantity. The sebum clogs the pores and hampers the hair follicles' blood supply, leading to hair fall.

Dr. Zeel Gandhi, Chief Ayurvedic Doctor at Vedix, says people with Kapha-Pitta doshas are more prone to oily skin conditions.

Other factors that cause dandruff include eczema, psoriasis, stress, poor hygiene, overgrowth of fungi, unhealthy food habits, hormonal imbalance, excessive use of chemicals, and low immunity.

Ayurvedic Ways To Cure Hair Loss Due To Dandruff

In order to get rid of hair loss, you first need to treat dandruff. For that, you need to balance your doshas. Here are some remedies recommended by Ayurveda:

1. Add The Right Nutrients To Your Diet

According to Dr. Zeel, spicy food can cause inflammation on the scalp, leading to dandruff. Also, consuming an excess of sweet, spicy, oily, and salty foods affect the Kapha-Pitta dosha levels. So, you should eat foods that nourish your scalp from inside and strengthen the hair follicles.

Some of the best foods for hair growth include coconut, amla, almonds, walnuts, green grams, buttermilk, raisins, pomegranates, fenugreek (methi) seeds, peanuts, and cucumber[1].

nutrient rich foods

Now, let's take a look at some external therapies that Ayurveda recommends to fight dandruff:

A. For Dry Scalp


Food Items

How To Use


Mix honey with lemon juice in the ratio of 3:1. Apply the mixture on your scalp and leave it for 20-30 minutes. Rinse it off with lukewarm water.


Blend half a cup of yogurt with two egg whites. Apply this mask across your scalp and hair. Leave it on for half an hour and wash it off.

Black pepper

Take a pinch of black pepper powder and mix it with coconut oil or virgin olive oil. Massage the oil into your roots and leave it for an hour. Rinse off using cold water.


Apply onion juice throughout your scalp and wash it off after 30 minutes.

Black pepper

Curry Leaves (kadi patta) Curry leaves have antifungal properties that can cure dandruff and other scalp infections. Take 7-8 fresh curry leaves and 1 cup of coconut oil. Boil these two together until the leaves turn crisp. Leave the mixture to cool. Massage your scalp with this oil and leave it for at least one hour. Wash it off with a mild/natural shampoo. You can apply this oil twice a week. Take a bunch of curry leaves, soak them in water for 15 minutes. Blend it and make a paste of it. Mix the paste with 3-4 tablespoons of fresh yogurt. Use this mixture as a hair mask.

Aloe Vera

Apply aloe vera gel throughout your scalp and leave it overnight. Wash it off the next morning. You can also make a paste of aloe vera gel and coconut milk and apply it to your scalp. Leave it on for 20 minutes and wash it off.

B. For Oily Scalp


Food Items

How To Use

Green Gram

Mix green gram with curd and apply the paste on your hair. Wash it off after 10-30 minutes.

Nimba (Neem)

Massage your scalp with neem oil. Keep it overnight and rinse it off in the morning with water. Crush neem leaves into a bowl of curd and apply the mixture to your scalp. Leave it on for 15-20 minutes and rinse off. Mix neem powder with reetha powder, shikakai powder, and dry amla powder in equal quantities. Apply the paste on the scalp and wash it off after an hour.


Make a paste from amla powder, tulsi leaves, and water. Apply the mask to the scalp for 30 minutes and rinse off.

Chandan (Sandalwood)

Blend sandalwood oil with lime juice and use this mixture to massage your scalp for a few minutes.

Nimbuka (Citrus Lemon)

Lemon contains citric acid in it, which is very effective in fighting dandruff. Mix 2-3 tablespoons of lemon juice with 4-5 tablespoons of any warm hair oil (coconut, almond, olive, mustard). Massage your scalp with the mixture and leave it for 15-20 minutes. Wash it off with a natural shampoo.

Hibiscus and Fenugreek

Fenugreek is rich in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties. It hydrates the hair roots and cures dandruff, itching and other scalp related problems. It also helps to promote hair growth. Soak one tablespoon of fenugreek seeds in water for 9-10 hours. Blend these seeds with 8-10 hibiscus leaves in half cup of buttermilk. Make a thick paste and apply it all over your scalp and hair. Keep it for one hour and rinse it off with plain water.


Massage your scalp with coconut-based krishnatulasi hair oil for 5 minutes and wash your scalp after 30 minutes.

2. Practice Yoga Regularly

Listed below are some yoga poses that are beneficial for controlling dandruff and promoting hair growth:

A. Balayam Yoga (Rubbing Nails)

Nail rubbing improves the blood flow to the hair follicle, which strengthens it. Stronger hair follicles drastically help reduce hair loss.

B. Chin Mudra (Gyan Mudra)

Chin Mudra controls dandruff by fighting stress and balancing the dosha levels.

C. Adho Mukha Svanasana (Downward Dog Pose)

Adho Mukha Svanasana helps increase blood circulation in the scalp, thereby controlling dandruff.

D. Vajrasana (Thunderbolt Pose)

Vajrasana helps reduce dandruff by controlling stress levels and by improving blood circulation in the scalp.

E. Chakrasana (Wheel Pose)

It minimizes dandruff by supplying adequate oxygen to the scalp.

3. Ayurvedic Supplements

These supplements can help control dandruff naturally. However, you should only take them after consulting an Ayurvedic doctor.

  • Neem Capsules
  • Guduchyadi Taila
  • Mahamanjisthadi Kadha
  • Surakta Syrup
  • Gandhak Rasayana
  • Chalmogra Oil
  • Arogyavardhini Vati
  • Khadirarishta
  • Kaishore Guggulu
  • Amalaki Rasayana

4. Hair Masks

Hair masks help detox the scalp naturally and provide the follicles with essential nutrients. Below is a list of ingredients that you can use to create a naturally nourishing hair mask for your hair type.


Dandruff Type



Hair Mask Ingredients


Oily Dandruff

Astringent, tree barks, tea tree oil, cooling packs like mud, neem, chandan, nagarmotha, ushira, amla, and buttermilk

Dry Dandruff

For Kapha Dosha: Black pepper, camphor, lemon, honey, yogurt, curry leaves, onions For Vata Dosha: Coconut oil, vitamin E, aloe vera, coconut milk

Home Remedies To Control Dandruff And Promote Hair Growth

1. Manage Stress

According to Ayurveda, stress gives rise to Pitta dosha and weakens the immune system. “When one is stressed, the lowered defenses cause the proliferation of fungi. Also, circulating Pitta triggers excess sebum production, providing more food for the pathogens' growth," states Dr. Zeel. It’s essential to keep your stress levels under control to reduce dandruff and hair fall.

woman practicing yoga on the beach

2. Avoid Excessive Use Of Hair Styling Products

Hairstyling products like gels or sprays make the scalp greasy and form oily dandruff. Also, hair coloring and blow drying can dehydrate the scalp leading to dry dandruff.

3. Get A Dose Of Sunlight

Direct sunlight makes follicles weak and dry, but a little exposure to the sun can help fight dandruff by killing dandruff-causing fungus.

4. Rinse With Baking Soda

Sodium bicarbonate or baking soda possesses antifungal properties. It helps soak up excess oil from the scalp and gets rid of dead skin cells. You can apply baking soda on your scalp and wet hair for a minute and rinse it off with a mild shampoo. Be careful while using baking soda as its high pH levels may damage the scalp.

5. Wash Your Hair Regularly

Irregular and improper washing can leave the scalp feeling greasy and oily. It also accumulates dead cells on the scalp leading to dandruff. While washing your hair, use a mild shampoo and always follow with a conditioner.

6. Clean Your Hairbrush

Using dirty combs or hairbrushes can bring all the oil and grime back to your scalp, leading to dandruff. It's essential to always keep your comb or brush clean. Ayurveda recommends using a neem wood comb.

Shampoos To Control Dandruff

There are numerous shampoos available in the market, and each contains different ingredients that can cure dandruff. Sometimes, a particular shampoo may fail to bring relief. In that case, try other anti-dandruff shampoos with different ingredients.

Always read the information on the back of your shampoo bottle, which includes its directions for use and ingredient list. A medicated dandruff shampoo must contain at least one of the following ingredients [2]:

1. Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil is used as an antifungal, antibiotic, and antiseptic. According to a 2006 study [3], shampoo with 5% tea tree oil proved effective in treating mild to moderate dandruff. It also helps reduce itchiness, greasiness, and lesions.

tea tree oil on wooden board

2. Ketoconazole

It's an antifungal medication used to treat fungal infections on the skin, hair, and nails. Shampoos that contain Ketoconazole can help kill dandruff-causing fungi that live on your scalp.

3. Coal Tar

Coal Tar is a natural antifungal agent that helps to treat dandruff. But it should be used carefully, as it may cause discoloration. Tar also has the potential to make the scalp more sensitive to sunlight.

4. Pyrithione Zinc

It contains the antibacterial and antifungal agent that slows down yeast's growth and prevents the scalp from dandruff.

5. Salicylic Acid

It helps the scalp get rid of dead skin cells. Its overuse may leave the scalp dry.

6. Selenium Sulfide

It reduces the production of natural oils by the scalp glands and prevents fungal infections.

The Last Word

Dandruff (Darunaka) is a complex problem in Ayurveda. According to Dr. Zeel, "Dandruff is fungus feeding on the skin. Unless the skin pH and composition change, you can only control it."

It's essential to analyze your scalp conditions by understanding your doshas to address problems like hair fall and dandruff. Vedix provides customized Ayurvedic hair care products, including hair oil, shampoo, and serum with highly balanced and proven formulations based on your hair type and dosha levels.

Know Your Dosha Now

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