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  5. How To Dye Your Hair At Home Without Causing Damage?

Are you thinking of hiding your grey locks? Do you wish to give your hair a brand-new look without spending a fortune? You can try dyeing your hair at home to sport a new look.

Dyeing your hair is easier than you think. But, before you go for it, learn about the tricks and tips to achieve salon-like results.

Here is a comprehensive guide to help you know simple hacks of dyeing hair at home.

Let’s begin.

Is It Safe To Use Hair Dye?

Dyeing your hair with synthetic hair colors occasionally may not damage your hair. However, rigorous hair dyeing with bleach-based colors can cause scalp irritation, hair thinning, and hair loss in some people. Also, such chemical-laden dyes may have long-term effects on your health.

Dr. Zeel Gandhi, Chief Ayurvedic doctor at Vedix, recommends avoiding chemical-dyeing or bleaching [1] on already damaged hair that is prone to breakage and split ends. Instead, she suggests to rely on natural hair dyes made of herbs.

What Are The Different Types Of Hair Dye?

1. Permanent Hair Dye

Such hair dyes stay forever while they work on the principle of oxidation. The primary ingredients of permanent hair dye are ammonia and oxidizing agents such as hydrogen peroxide in a 6% concentration. Your hair gets bleached with permanent hair dyes and they do not fade away with repeated hair washing. However, you may need to re-dye the newly uprooted hair every 4-6 weeks. You should do a patch test before applying permanent hair dye.

Studies claim that frequent usage of permanent hair dyes increases the risk of breast cancer in women [2].

2. Demi-Permanent Hair Dye

These dyes are ammonia-free but contain low concentrations (around 2%) of hydrogen peroxide, which bleaches your hair. However, demi-permanent hair dye won't bleach or lighten the natural melanin pigment present in your hair. In a way, demi-permanent dyes are useful when you have a mixture of grey hair and naturally dark hair. You can choose these dyes to hide your greys but not to change the shade of your natural hair color. They may also fade away after 12 to 28 hair washes.

Coming to safety, demi-permanent hair dyes are chemically milder and gentler than permanent dyes. However, they contain similar PPD derivatives [3] that permanent dyes have, which may cause allergic reactions on your scalp. You need to do a patch test before applying demi-permanent hair dye.

3. Semi-Permanent Hair Dye

Semi-permanent hair dye remains free from ammonia and hydrogen peroxide. These are the most suitable options for damaged and fragile hair. They can hide your grey hair as well as darken your natural hair color. Also, these dyes do not contain PPD derivatives and do not cause allergic reactions. However, they may fade away after 12-16 hair washes.

“Synthetic semi-permanent hair dye mostly contains nitro benzenes or nitro amines. Among natural semi-permanent hair dye, herbal options such as henna, indigo, and dyes in a combination of coffee, ginger, manjistha are well known in India since ancient ages,” says Dr. Zeel.

various hair dyes

4. Gradual Hair Dye

These are metallic-aqueous solutions that gradually leave the dark shades of metal oxides or sulfides on your hair on repeated application over weeks. You can notice the gradual darkening of your hair from grey to light brown to burgundy. Also, these dyes do not contain PPD derivatives and are safer than permanent and demi-permanent dyes. However, these colors fade away easily with shampooing.

5. Temporary Hair Dye

Temporary hair colors contain pigments with larger molecules, which just coat your hair shaft externally instead of penetrating it. Hence, they are much useful to brighten your existing hair shade or to add an extra tint to it. Often, you can see people using temporary hair dyes in unusual shades such as blue, purple, gold, pink, etc. to highlight a few strands. However, these dyes do not stay longer and get washed away with one shampooing.

How To Dye Your Hair At Home?

Step 1:

Shampoo your hair without using a conditioner two days before hair dyeing. This gives time for your hair to develop natural oils before dyeing, which makes the color blend with your hair shaft more naturally. Also, it makes the dye last longer.

Step 2:

Pick a dye of your favorite color. It is recommended to choose a hair dye that is no more than two shades lighter or darker than the natural color of your hair. Always remember that the shade can slightly differ from what is shown on the dye boxes after dyeing.

Step 3:

Cover the floor and surface around where you want to dye with newspapers. Wear old clothes which can be thrown away. Also, keep the paper towels handy to deal with the dye spills.

Step 4:

Wrap and cover your neck and shoulders with a towel or cape. Secure it to your T-shirt using a safety pin. This prevents staining of your lower neck and shoulders with the dye that may drip off from your hair.

Step 5:

Brush your hair well and ensure that your hair is fully detangled before you start dyeing. This lets the hair dye get distributed evenly throughout your hair.

Step 6:

Use vaseline or a lip balm to coat your upper neckline, frontal hairline, and ears. This makes it easier for you to rinse off any dye that deposits on your skin.

Step 7:

Put on your gloves to avoid dyeing your hands as well along with your hair. You can use normal vinyl, rubber or latex gloves.

Step 8:

Mix the hair dye in a bowl by following the instructions given on the box. Ensure that no lumps are formed.

Step 9:

Separate your hair into four different sections using a comb. Hold the hair sections using large clips.

Step 10:

Take one section and break it into half-inch smaller subsections as you work. The thicker hair you have, the smaller your sub-sections need to be. Coat the dye evenly on the sub-section using a hair-brush and your gloved fingers. Ensure the dye is applied from all the sides of your hair shaft.

If you are a first-timer, apply the hair dye from 2-3cm above your hair roots. If you want to touch-up, then you can start from a half-inch above your hair roots.

Step 11:

Use a paper towel or a wet wipe to clean the excess dye that spread to your forehead and neck. Put on a shower cap on your hair. Once you do that, you can also wrap your head with a steamed towel to boost the dyeing intensity.

Step 12:

Leave the dye in your hair for the time as instructed on the box. Never leave it past the maximum time or rinse your dyed hair before minimum time. Even if you are using a herbal dye such as henna, do not leave it on your hair overnight before washing as it can dry out your hair severely.

Step 13:

When the time is up, rinse your hair thoroughly using lukewarm water until the clear water runs down from your hair. Also, do not use shampoo or conditioner this time.

Step 14:

Squeeze out the water gently from your hair using a soft cotton towel and allow your hair to air dry naturally.

Important Note:

You can also do a strand test before applying the dye to your entire hair. This way, you can evaluate the final shade your hair gets.

If you are not satisfied with your new hair color, then you can tweak it as per the steps mentioned below:

  • If your hair becomes too dark, then add a spoon of baking soda to a clarifying shampoo and apply it on your wet hair. Leave it for five minutes before washing it.
  • If your hair becomes too light, then re-dye your hair with the next shade that is darker than the one you used before.
  • If your hair turns brassy, then you can tone down the warm tint by using a purple-based shampoo for a week or two.
  • If you notice your hair turning green [4] after hair coloring due to chlorine exposure, then you can wash your hair immediately using a clarifying shampoo. You can also rinse your hair with ketchup as the red color in ketchup counteracts the green tone while the acidity helps in neutralizing the reaction of chlorine.

The Dos And Don'ts Of Dyeing Your Hair

Dos

1. Do choose ammonia-free hair dyes. You can also go for color-enhancing hair products that can make your ammonia-free hair dyes appear brighter.

2. Ensure you apply warm Ayurvedic oil to your hair and leave it for half an hour before head bath. This keeps your hair supple and soft.

3. Do condition your dyed hair every time you use a shampoo. You can also use leave-in-conditioners regularly.

4. Always go to bed with your hair wrapped.

5. Invest in the right hairbrush to prevent the hair color from fading. You can opt for a paddle brush for a sleek style or go for a round bristle brush for a voluminous look.

6. Always cover your hair with a scarf or hat when you go out in the sun. The UV rays [5] dehydrate your hair stands, which in turn makes the hair colors fade away faster.

Don’ts

1. Don’t use shampoo every day. Also, avoid using clarifying shampoos when you use a hair dye.

2. Avoid using too much hairspray as it strips off the shine from your hair. Instead, you can opt for a herbal hair serum.

3. Never wash your hair with hot water. Also, don’t let too much water run over your hair during your head bath.

4. Avoid using heat styling tools such as flat irons and curling rods as it increases hair breakage. You can use a ceramic grill blow dryer on low heat mode when you have time constraints to air dry your hair.

Vedix Tip: Once a week, rinse your dyed hair with chamomile tea at room temperature to retain the color for a longer time.

Should You Shampoo After Dying Hair?

Dr. Zeel recommends waiting for 2-3 days before shampooing your hair after using a hair dye. This gives your hair sufficient time to absorb the color and set. Also, limit your hair wash frequency to 2-3 times a week to make your hair color last longer. Preferably, use a mild herbal shampoo to cleanse your hair.

How Long Should A Hair Color Last?

Typically, any hair dye can last from 4 to 6 weeks. But, it also depends on the type of hair dye you use and how you maintain your hair after dyeing. You will start losing the intensity of hair dye as your hair grows out.

The Last Word

Initially, you might take time to master the art of dyeing your hair on your own. But, it can certainly get better with practice. Besides, you can always take someone’s help to get it right. Remember, it is always better to opt for natural colors than chemical dyes. Ayurveda has proven herbal formulations that dye as well as condition your hair simultaneously.

At Vedix, we understand your hair needs based on a dosha analysis quiz and customize an Ayurvedic hair care regimen most suitable for your hair type and concerns.

Know Your Dosha Now